According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, around 8000 snakebites are recorded on a yearly basis in North America alone. Thanks to an improvement in preventative measures, an increased awareness of effective first aid strategies, and current antivenom treatments, deaths are limited to 1 in every 5.
Heading out on the trail? We’ve put together a simple (but effective!) infographic that goes through the steps you should follow to identify, prevent, and, if necessary, treat a snake bite.
*note that some recent research suggests placing pressure on a snake bite is not effective and in some cases, may cause more damage. Having said that, the Australian government website states that light pressure is effective, but cutting off the circulation will be harmful.
Venturing Into Snake Country? Here’s What You Should Do
With possible skin grafts required, tissue destruction and pain lasting for days, you’ll want to learn how to identify which snakes are poisonous and how to deal with the situation if you find yourself face to face with one. As you’ve seen in our infographic above, we’ve broken up our infographic guide into three simple sections:
1. Learn How to Identify a Venomous Snake
If you’re taking a hike or going on a camping trip with your friends, the last thing you want is your journey to be cut short by you or one of your friends not being able to identify a venomous snake and falling victim to its deadly bite.
All in all, North America is home to over 20 different species of venomous snakes, coming under four main categories: copperheads, coral snakes, rattlesnakes, and cottonmouth.Considering most snakes are not venomous, it pays to know which pose a danger. The differences can sometimes be minuscule, so remember the unique identifiers if you can.
2. Learn How to Prevent a Snake Bite
It’s a simple fact; prevention is much better than having to treat a venomous snake bite. While not always avoidable, there are several preventative measures you can take to minimize the chances of a snake bite.
The first thing we recommend is that you research the area you’re adventuring. Once you know which snake species will be there, you can take the right precautions.
A simple understanding of snake behavior will also help you. Snakes love to hide under rocks and logs, so make sure that you are careful where you step. They enjoy staying hidden in long grass, where there is little danger for them. Remember: snakes don’t attack unless provoked, so avoidance is usually your best tactic.
3. Implement Effective First Aid Measures
If you’re the unfortunate victim of a snake bite, don’t panic. It’s very likely that it won’t lead to any adverse health issues or death, so follow our simple steps, and you’ll give yourself the highest chance of survival.
Protective Snake Clothing
As well as understanding snakes, you can wear protective clothing like the best snake chaps, snake bite proof boots, and snake gaiters. Clothing to prevent snake bites gives you peace of mind you when you’re in snake territory. If you’re handling snakes, it is absolutely advisable that you invest in bite-proof gloves.
Although wearing these are super effecting in stopping a bite, you still need to know a bit more about avoiding snakes altogether. Another common place to be bitten is your hand or wrist.
We also wrote an in-depth guide on how to prevent a snake bite, which is a good starting point for those of you that aren’t acquainted with basic preventative measures.
What About Snake Bite Kits?
Snake bite kits are thought of by many people as a home remedy for venomous snake bites. Essentially, a snake bite kit is a suction device which is designed to extract the venom from the wound.
Unfortunately, research shows that these snake bite kits are ineffective in removing venom from bite wounds. Medical experts are in fact concerned that people may use these devices in an attempt to avoid treatment costs. Our advice? Always consult a medical professional and steer clear of snake bite kits. They’re not only ineffective, but they’re also potentially dangerous.
In fact, medical research shows that the extractor devices remove almost no venom at all and, in some cases, can cause more harm than good. This is primarily due to the suction concentrating the venom in one small area and damaging tissue.
Pesky Snake at Home?
Although they like to keep themselves to themselves, snakes can make their way into your backyard or even home. It is important to recognize that they’ll do very little damage, if any, compared to the likes of rats and mice. That said, they do of course pose a threat to children and animals, especially if it is venomous.
If you find a snake is inhabiting your garden, you have a few courses of action. The most recommended way of dealing with it is to call a professional removal service. Many other people invest in humane snake traps, which are designed to lure the snake in and catch it unharmed.
When using a snake trap, you should place it where the snake tends to linger and wait for it to be caught. With devices like glue traps, there is no guarantee of catching anything at all. Animals are unpredictable and can move on at their own will.